This article discusses the possibility that European States have a positive obligation under international law to minimize the rising number of fatalities that occur in relation to their border control policies.
Are European States Accountable for Border Deaths? In Satvinder Juss (ed.), Research Companion to Migration Law and Theory, Aldershot: Ashgate 2013, p. 61-76
This article outlines the relationship between irregular immigration, increased border control, and the number of casualties at Europe’s maritime borders. The conclusion is that the number of fatalities is increasing as a result of increased border control. The author argues that States have a positive obligation under international law to address this issue, and formulates concrete proposals to monitor the number of border deaths.
The Human Costs of Border Control, European Journal of Migration and Law, 9 (2007), p. 147-161